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jamarm3814Research Project - Build-A-Function
Mathematics are used to model situations. Information is collected and mathematical models are created to represent the activity.
Example: A tech support firm charges a flat fee in addition to a certain cost per hour. For one job that took two hours the firm charged $250. For a five hour job they charged $550. How much is the initial cost, and how much is the per-hour fee?
Let's consider x to be the number of hours, and y is the cost.
x | y |
2 | 250 |
5 | 550 |
It is possible to find an equation that fits the two points.
First, using the formula for slope, we have:
m | = | y_{2} – y_{1} --------- | = | 550 - 250 ------------ | = | 300 ----- | = | 100 |
x_{2} – x_{1} | 5 - 2 | 3 |
Next, using the point-slop form of the equation, we find the slope-intercept form.
(y – y_{1}) = m(x – x_{1})
(y – 250) = 100(x – 2)
y – 250 = 100x – 200
y = 100x + 50
Now, the meaning behind this equation:
The 50 represents the initial fee. The 100x represents the charge per x hours. The initial fee is $50 and the company charges $100 per hour.
Using this equation, we can predict what the cost of a job that requires seven and a half hours of work.
y = 100(7.5) + 50 = 750 + 50 = 800
For seven and half hours of work, the cost would be $800.
From here, we can write this equation as function. The cost of the job is determined by the function f(x) where x represents the number of hours the jobs take.
f(x) = 100x + 50
RESEARCH PROJECT
For this class, pick a situation that relates two variables or factors that have some sort of association.
Examples:
- Temperature and stock market prices
- Unemployment and crime rates
- Precipitation and TV ratings
Find three pairs of data, with each pair having a value associated with one of the factors. Using two of the pairs, find a function that describes the relationship. With the third pair, test the function.
You will be required to:
- Find three pairs of data
- Form an equation using two pairs
- Evaluated accuracy of equation to the third pair of data
- Create a graph with the three pairs and the appropriate line.
The final paper should be in APA format.
The project consists the following assignments:
- Build-A-Function - Topic
- Build-A-Function - Points
- Build-A-Function - The Function
- Build-A-Function - Graph
- Build-A-Function - Completed Project
- 5 years ago
- 20
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- mth131_buildafunctionexcel.xlsx
- project.docx
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